Another Blacklist Emerges

BY HANK REICHMAN

In the Fall of 2014 I posted several entries to this blog (see here, here, and here) suggesting that “recent attempts to enforce standards of ‘civility’ at colleges and universities, often . . . in response to pro-Palestinian expression, recalled previous efforts in the 1940s and 1950s to exclude alleged communists from the protections of academic freedom.”  Specifically, I highlighted the activities of the Amcha Initiative, an organization “dedicated to investigating, documenting, educating about, and combating antisemitism at institutions of higher education in America.”  Amcha published a list of 218 faculty members in Middle East studies at U.S. colleges and universities who signed a petition calling for an academic boycott of Israel and called on people to “share this list with your family, friends, and associates via email, Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, or word-of-mouth.”  The organization asked, “How can professors who are so biased against the Jewish state accurately or fairly teach students about Israel or the Arab-Israel conflict?”

At the time I noted that “this is not precisely a blacklist, but it comes perilously close to being one and should be criticized for that reason.”  A statement by many prominent faculty members in Jewish Studies included a similar warning.  Now, however, a genuine blacklisting site has emerged, which is potentially far more dangerous for academic freedom.  Called Canary Mission, it too is directed against individuals and organizations that allegedly promote “hatred of the USA, Israel and Jews on college campuses in North America.”

Here is the website’s own description of itself and its mission:

The Canary Mission database was created in order to document people and groups that are promoting hatred of the USA, Israel and the Jewish people, particularly on college campuses in North America.

  • Canary Mission is run by students and concerned citizens motivated by a desire to combat the rise in anti-Semitism on college campuses. The purpose of the website is to expose those who promote lies and attacks on Israel and the Jewish people. We pursue our mission by presenting the actions and records of individuals and organizations at the vanguard of the anti-Semitic Boycott, Divest, and Sanctions (BDS) movement. By shining a light on hate group members and their activities, the public will become better informed about those involved in hate movements in their communities.

  • Canary Mission believes that we all have the right to know if an individual has been affiliated with movements that seek the destruction of Israel, routinely engage in anti-Semitic rhetoric and actions, and promote hatred of Jews.

  • Canary Mission provides freely available material gathered from publicly available sources. We have organized this information in a concise and easily searchable format for the easy access of the general public and anyone interested in tracking hate movements on college campuses.

The website includes an “ethics policy” which explains how its database has been compiled:

1. All Individual and Organizational profile subjects have shown themselves to be either one or more of the following:

a. Anti-Semitic according to the U.S. State Department’s Definition

b. Supporters of terrorism, terrorists or terrorist organizations e.g. Hamas, PFLP, Hezbollah, Muslim Brotherhood, ISIS, Al Qaeda

c. Violating the personal safety of Jews or supporters of Israel

d. Disrupting Jewish or pro-Israel speakers or events

e. Inciting violence or hatred towards Jews, Israel or supporters of Israel

f. Using language or speech that demonizes Jews, Israel or supporters of Israel

g. Promoting BDS in any of its forms, including:

– BDS against the State of Israel, Israeli products or Israeli companies

– BDS against individuals, companies or institutions that trade with or have a working relationship with Israeli companies or institutions

– The academic or cultural boycott of Israel

h. Part of, or supporting of, events or organizations that violate the above points a-g

2. All information written on Individual and Organizational profiles is aggregated from open sources on the internet i.e. tweets, posts, articles etc.

Let me be clear.  I am not an advocate of BDS and, like the AAUP, I oppose academic boycotts in general and the academic boycott of Israel in particular.  With respect to this issue more broadly, however, my sole focus has been on protecting the rights to be heard of both critics and defenders of either the boycott or Israeli policy.  As the chair of AAUP’s Committee A I have also tried to keep my personal views about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict private, lest there be some chance that they could be misattributed to the AAUP, which has and should have no position on this conflict at all.

That said, it must be acknowledged that Canary Mission is nothing but a blacklist, pure and simple.  It echoes the long-discredited and horrific blacklists of the McCarthy era.  It is shockingly reminiscent of the 1950s anti-Communist newsletter Counterattack, which published the original blacklist of the entertainment industry, Red Channels Those identified in Red Channels were denied employment across much or all of the movie and broadcast industries unless and until they cleared their names, the customary requirement being that they testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and name names, which the vast majority refused to do.  The blacklists in those days spread as well to academia, as Ellen Schrecker and Marjorie Heins, among others, have so vividly documented.  (See also the AAUP’s sadly belated 1956 report, “Academic Freedom and Tenure in the Quest for National Security.”)

In discussing the Amcha Initiative list nearly two years ago, I wrote:

Certainly the principles of academic freedom should not bar private citizens from criticizing ideas and positions advanced by faculty members, whether  individually or in groups.  And it should not prevent those citizens, in the case of public institutions, from raising concerns with university officials and even legislators.  But just as I believe boycott advocates have the right to press their case, but I oppose academic boycotts, so too do I think that Amcha has the right to criticize the views of faculty members but should not be organizing a kind of counter-boycott, which is what this list effectively does.

Moreover, there is considerable evidence that lists of this kind can have serious negative consequences for the academic freedom not only of those on the list but of all faculty members.  To be sure, it is the responsibility of college and university administrators and trustees to resist efforts to establish political litmus tests for faculty and insofar as they fail to do this and bow to outside pressures it is those administrators who are guilty of violating academic freedom, not those who have pressured them.

I also asked “how Amcha would respond if a similar organization dedicated to combating anti-Islamic views published a list of faculty members who had publicly supported Israeli government actions or simply opposed the academic boycott.”  Moreover, soon after the American Studies Association (ASA) endorsed the call for an academic boycott of Israel, AAUP issued several statements (here, here, and here) opposing dangerous legislative efforts designed to “punish” the ASA and other advocates of the academic boycott.  I also posted an entry on this blog entitled, “How NOT to Oppose the Academic Boycott of Israel.”

Perhaps the most troubling aspect of the Canary Mission site is its posting of the names and contact information of students as well as faculty members.  Obviously, the intention here is, among other things, to hinder the admission of such student activists to graduate programs.  In response to Canary Mission, therefore, a group of graduate admissions officers, many associated with the BDS movement but others not, has issued a statement worth reposting here:

As faculty who serve, have served, or are likely to serve on an admissions committee at graduate and undergraduate university programs across the country, we unequivocally assert that the Canary Mission website should not be trusted as a resource to evaluate students’ qualifications for admission. We condemn Canary Mission as an effort to intimidate and blacklist students and faculty who stand for justice for Palestinians.

Canary Mission is a website and social media initiative designed to slander student, faculty, and community activists for Palestinian rights as extremist, anti-Semitic, and sympathetic to terrorism. By publicizing the names, social media accounts, employment history, and other personal information about student activists, Canary Mission mobilizes a small online community of pro-Israel advocates to harass and threaten these activists. Over the past six weeks, the now two-year old Canary Mission site has added over 100 new students to its blacklist [1]. As of this writing, in the first half of 2016, Canary Mission has on over 30 occasions tweeted the names of employers in order to rally their followers to intimidate students [2]. In a few cases, Canary Mission also has contacted the prospective graduate schools of these students, claiming without evidence that the students are anti-Semites, terrorists, or both [3]. The goal of this campaign is to use fear and intimidation to pressure activists to cease their human rights advocacy. Though the creators of Canary Mission remain anonymous, it has been linked to, and utilized by, such well-known individuals as Daniel Pipes [4] and David Horowitz [5], who have been labeled as purveyors of hate speech by the Southern Poverty Law Center [6] [7].

Although, as individual faculty, we hold a range of viewpoints on Israel-Palestine, we recognize that student advocacy for Palestinian human rights is not inherently anti-Semitic, and that such advocacy represents a cherished and protected form of free speech that is welcome on college campuses. We reject the McCarthyist tactics used by Canary Mission. Canary Mission’s aim is to damage these students’ futures, and to punish them for their principled human rights activism. We urge our fellow admissions faculty, as well as university administrators, prospective employers, and all others, to join us in signing below and standing against such bullying and attempts to shut down civic engagement and freedom of speech.

[1] On June 13, the site had listed 426 students on its blacklist. By July 28, the number had risen to 539.
[2] Sourced from Canary Mission’s Twitter and substantiated by accounts from students.
[3] Sourced from personal account to the organizers of this sign-on letter.
[4] http://www.alternet.org/tea-party-and-right/modern-day-mccarthyists-are-going-extremes-slime-activists-fighting-israels
[5] http://www.alternet.org/investigations/flush-cash-right-wing-extremists-train-future-zealots-pro-israel-campus-activism
[6] https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/individual/david-horowitz
[7] https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/intelligence-report/2011/anti-muslim-inner-circle

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Professor of Sociology, Boston College

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Undergraduate student political science and sociology, Syracuse University

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PhD Candidate, DISE, McGill University

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Associate Professor Department of English, University of Massachusetts-Amherst

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Associate Professor, School of Educational Studies, University of Washington Bothell

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Professor Emerita, Linguistics & Anthropology, Indiana University

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Professor, Department of Gender, Women, and Sexuality Studies, University of Minnesota

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Lecturer, University of Edinburgh

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Professor and Chair, Modern Culture and Media, Brown University

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Associate Professor, International Studies, Arcadia University

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Assistant Professor of Philosophy of Education, University of British Columbia

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Associate Professor, Asian American Studies, UC Davis

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Associate Professor, English, University of Vermont

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Associate Professor, Sociology Department, Brooklyn College, CUNY

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Associate Professor Department of Anthropology, Brown University

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Professor of Political Science, Saint Joseph’s College New York

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Associate Professor, Political Science, University of Massachusetts Boston

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Assistant Professor, Political Science, University of Massachusetts Boston

Dana Cloud
Professor, Communication and Rhetorical Studies, Syracuse University

Michael A. Iasilli
Doctoral Student, St. John’s University

Jim Holstun
Professor of English, University at Buffalo

Michael C. Desch
Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Notre Dame

Gordon Beeferman
PhD candidate, Music, New York University

I must admit that this petition was the first I had heard of Canary Mission.  Hopefully, it will be the last.  This despicable blacklist should be condemned and its “information” ignored.  It does not reflect honorably on its sponsors or, more important, on the many decent individuals who are genuinely concerned about anti-semitism and who may support or defend Israel without sinking to the McCarthyite level of the Canary Mission.

8 thoughts on “Another Blacklist Emerges

  1. This issue is of particular importance to NTT faculty and all those with no union protection. It recalls the case of Douglas Giles at Roosevelt U in Chicago in the mid-2000’s, who was successfully defended by his union, Roosevelt Adjunct Faculty Org, unlike most such cases which never get any publicity at all and people are very afraid of blacklists, which are most easily applied to contingent part-time faculty in a particular metro area.

  2. Pingback: Anti-Israel blacklisters complain they are unfairly being blacklisted

  3. Please explain how aggregating publicly reported information is a blacklist. One would think that those who publicly express their hatred for Jews would be proud to stand up and be counted. I suppose what you are really revealing is that you would use such information in making your own academic decisions.

    Have you no shame?

    • MIK has of course conflated the objection of zionist policies and actions with hatred of the jewish people…
      this purposeful ignorance of the actual intentions of the individuals concerned with justice and the well being of an abused and honorable people smacks of the methods used by occupiers and deniers of the rights of all humans… have you no humanity? or is it just the blather and nonsense of the false patriot seeking an undeserved position of authority… the usage of the information as a weapon against the names listed is nothing but misguided and illogical attempts to gain some ground in academic circles… goals that espouse a course of action denying the first amendment rights and violating the privacy of lawfully protesting people expose the fallacy of this congress of haters and fools…

  4. Pingback: Defend Campus Free Speech: Oppose Canary Mission’s Blacklisting of Students and Scholars | MLA Members for Justice in Palestine

  5. Pingback: New attack on free speech: Pro-Israel groups wage war on campus freedom - BDS News, Boycotts, Divestments and Sanctions (BDS), Pro BDS - SPME Scholars for Peace in the Middle East

  6. Pingback: Against Canary Mission: Statement Condemning the Blacklisting of pro-BDS Student Activists | MLA Members for Justice in Palestine

  7. Pingback: Ugly Blacklist Posters Spur Resistance | ACADEME BLOG

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