Click here to view the list of signers, and to add your name to this statement.
As scholars in a wide range of academic disciplines we write to express that we are both pleased and concerned that the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) has agreed to settle Professor Steven Salaita’s lawsuit challenging his illegal termination by the UIUC Board of Trustees after he made comments on social media critical of Israel’s military assault on Gaza in the summer of 2014. We note that the University agreed to settle Professor Salaita’s claims only after a federal court had ruled in Professor Salaita’s favor on key elements of his case, including that his employment was terminated after he had been given a contract of employment by UIUC, and that Professor Salaita’s comments on social media were protected by the First Amendment.
We are pleased that the University of Illinois trustees, through the payment of a substantial monetary settlement to Professor Salaita, have acknowledged how Professor Salaita’s termination amounted to a serious violation of both his constitutional right to free speech on matters of public concern, and principles of academic freedom. Agreeing to pay what amounts to the equivalent of Professor Salaita’s salary for ten years, the University of Illinois trustees have implicitly conceded the core claims of Professor Salaita’s lawsuit: that he was illegally terminated in retaliation for his comments in connection with the Israeli war on Gaza, and that UIUC officials’ decision to terminate Professor Salaita was motivated, at least in part, by pressure they received from large donors to the University as was revealed by emails disclosed by the University in connection with the lawsuit.
At the same time, we are concerned about the terms of the settlement for two principal reasons. First, it did not include Professor Salaita’s reinstatement. Although we respect Professor Salaita’s decision to accept the settlement and to move on with his career, we nevertheless call attention to the fact that a cash settlement without an offer of reinstatement leaves unaddressed the unjust terms by which his employment was terminated. Not only were his fundamental rights of free speech and academic freedom abridged, but he remains entitled to reinstatement at UIUC as a matter of principle, whether or not he chooses to accept that reinstatement. As it stands, the settlement demonstrates that the university can abridge such rights at a price, setting a perilous precedent.
Second, we recognize that UIUC’s unlawful treatment of Professor Salaita has had implications well beyond Professor Salaita individually. The UIUC American Indian Studies Program that hired Professor Salaita not only lost Professor Salaita as a colleague (after a rigorous search), it has suffered severe fall-out given the administration’s assault on the autonomy of the program and its selection to appoint Professor Salaita to the program. Professor Salaita’s hire was intended to build a rising, dynamic academic home for research and teaching on American Indian Studies. Now the program struggles with less than one full academic appointment. The decimation of the American Indian Studies Program at UIUC has been an additional price tag paid by the university’s capitulation to internal and external forces that disapproved of Professor Salaita’s exercise of constitutionally protected rights to free speech. Sadly, the settlement in this case fails to address the larger price paid by students, faculty, and the broader academic community that looked to the University of Illinois as a home of robust academic inquiry into the complex issues of sovereignty, belonging, dispossession, and conquest – both in the U.S. and globally.
On account of the manner in which Professor Salaita was terminated the American Association of University Professors censured UIUC for its failure to conform to sound academic practices as established in AAUP principles. We feel strongly that the monetary settlement of Professor Salaita’s legal claim does not address the underlying breaches of academic freedom and widely accepted standards for the conduct of academic governance that formed the basis of the AAUP sanction in this matter. For this reason we urge the AAUP to not remove UIUC from its list of censured administrations until such time as UIUC adequately addresses the larger pall of uncertainty that has been cast over the manner in which academic freedom is understood and respected at UIUC.
(List in formation )
Katherine Franke (Sulzbacher Professor of Law, Columbia University)
Judith Butler (Maxine Elliot Professor of Comparative Literature, University of California, Berkeley)
J. Kēhaulani Kauanui (Associate Professor of American Studies and Anthropology, Wesleyan University)
Cynthia Franklin (Professor of English, University of Hawai’i)
Lisa Duggan (Professor of Social & Cultural Analysis, New York University)
Kendall Thomas (Nash Professor of Law, Columbia University)
Macarena Gomez-Barris (Associate Professor of American Studies & Ethnicity, University of Southern California)
Robert Alexander Innes (Assistant Professor of Indigenous Studies, University of Saskatchewan)
Corey Robin (Professor of Political Science, Brooklyn College and the CUNY Graduate Center)
Colin Dayan (Robert Penn Warren Professor in the Humanities & Professor of Law, Vanderbilt University)
Margaret Russell (Professor of Law, Santa Clara Law)
David Prochaska (Department of History, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
Lisa Rofel (Director of Center for Emerging Worlds and Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz)
Helga Tawil-Souri (Associate Professor of Media, Culture, and Communication, New York University)
Valerie Forman (Associate Professor, Gallatin School, New York University)
Inderpal Grewal (Professor, Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies Program, South Asian Studies and Ethnicity, Race and Migration Studies; Affiliate Faculty in American Studies, Yale University)
Kandice Chuh (Professor of English and American Studies; Acting Coordinator, American Studies Certificate Program, CUNY/The Graduate Center)
Valerie Forman (Associate Professor, Gallatin School of Individualized Study, New York University)
Natalie Zemon Davis (University of Toronto)
Saba Mahmood (Professor, University of California at Berkeley)
Mohan Dutta (Provost’s Chair Professor of Communications and New Media, National University of Singapore)
Devika Chawla (Associate Professor, Ohio University)
Bill V. Mullen (Professor of American Studies, Purdue University)