PEN America: Writers and Artists Interrogated Because of Travel Ban


On its website, PEN America has published an item on writers and artists detained and interrogated as a result of the Trump administration’s travel ban. The article includes the following anecdotes, the second of which involves a distinguished historian invited to speak at Texas A&M University:

“The bestselling children’s book author Mem Fox, an Australian citizen, was detained in late February at the Los Angeles International Airport while en route to a conference in Milwaukee. She was detained for nearly two hours by Customs and Border Patrol officials who reportedly believed she was traveling on the wrong visa, although Fox says she has traveled to the U.S. over 100 times before without any incident. Her interrogation was so aggressive that she said she “felt like I had been physically assaulted.” Fox, whose most recent book I’m Australian, Too is a celebration of immigration and Australia’s multicultural heritage, eventually received an apology from the U.S. embassy in Australia. But in reflecting on her ordeal, she emphasized its broader ramifications, noting, “They made me feel like such a crushed, mashed, hopeless old lady and I am a feisty, strong, articulated English speaker. I kept thinking that if this were happening to me, a person who is white, articulate, educated, and fluent in English, what on earth is happening to people who don’t have my power?”

“Also in late February, Henry Rousso, a celebrated French historian of the Holocaust who was born and raised in Egypt, was detained for 10 hours at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston. Rousso, author of The Vichy Syndrome, about France’s struggle to reckon with its World War II history, was traveling to a symposium at Texas A&M University. Border officials questioned him about his visa and accused him of attempting to work illegally in the U.S. Rousso was first told that he would be deported, but was eventually released after Texas A&M learned of the situation and intervened. Like Mem Fox, Rousso’s experience has altered his view of the United States, as he wrote:

“’This incident has caused me some discomfort, but I cannot stop thinking of all those who suffer these humiliations and legal violence without the protections I was able to benefit from. . . . How can one explain this zeal if not by the concern to fulfill quotas and justify increased controls? That is the situation today in this country. We must now face arbitrariness and incompetence at all levels. I heard recently that “Paris isn’t Paris anymore.” The United States seems no longer quite the United States.’

Aaron Gach, an American media artist and founder of the Center for Tactical Magic, contacted PEN after he was detained on February 23 on his return home to San Francisco from an art show in Brussels. Gach was subjected to detailed questioning regarding an art exhibition in which he had participated in Belgium, including questions about why he was invited, who invited him, and how often he takes part in such exhibits. Gach’s pieces included in the exhibition focused on issues related to incarceration in the United States; he is unsure whether he was detained in connection with his work. Gach was repeatedly asked to allow CPB agents access to his personal phone by turning it over and providing his password; when he finally agreed, the phone was removed from his sight for several minutes before being returned to him.”


The complete article is available at:


2 thoughts on “PEN America: Writers and Artists Interrogated Because of Travel Ban

    • Glad you are keeping up with the immigration disasters everywhere…

      Both these incidents should worry us all, as Americans, but especially those who live in TEXAS, a state known for its reactionary politics. Thank God for Texas A&M University’s Fatma Marouf — director of the Immigration Law Clinic here — because she was able to assist in the French professor’s release.

      BUT if this is happening so often to academics who can speak for themselves, can you then imagine how refugees fleeing for their lives must feel as they are apprehended at the border and have no language, never mind voice? How must they feel as they wait in the courtrooms, knowing most are against them? (

      We need to speak for them, be with them, because the affronts to them are affronts to us all as a nation, as a true democracy.

      I came to this country as a child refugee & never thought I would rue the day. What this administration is doing is assaulting all we know and hold dear, every step of the way, in every sphere. But we must fight, if we want to remain a true democracy, where students can learn about truth, and trust that that truth is no lie…

      Besos, not borders,
      Ana M. Fores Tamayo, Adjunct Justice

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